Discussing the Foundations and Components of Psychoanalysis

No matter what you study or what your job is, you have heard about Sigmund Freud. He was the founder of the term psychoanalysis. The goal of this kind of therapy is to make our unconscious thought conscious. People tend to repress emotions and memories from the past, so an analyst has a difficult task of releasing them. Components of Psychoanalysis includes a few believing. Let’s see what those are.

Tenets of Psychoanalysis

Tenets of PsychoanalysisDevelopment of a person is not determined only by inherited traits, but also by forgotten events that happened in early childhood. What determinates human cognition and behaviour are certain drives that are in the unconscious. If you try to bring them out, it will trigger resistance. A common form of resistance is a defense mechanism. There are many ways to learn more about someone’s unconscious part of mind. That material can be found in dreams, misspeaking and unintentional acts. A dream is mostly used component of psychoanalysis. Through therapeutic intervention, those materials are brought into the conscious mind. It can be surprising what can be found there, things that patients weren’t aware of at all. If they dreamed it, they thought of it as nothing, just a dream without a meaning. However, every dream has a meaning. It is connected to the persons mind, therefore, it is showing his wishes, insecurities or thoughts.

How It Works

A psychoanalytic session usually lasts 50 minutes. It is recommended to have a session four or five times a week since it can be a long process. The patient lies on the couch, while the analyst sits behind, so he is out of sight. Then, the patient tells his thoughts. That can include dreams, free associations and fantasies. From all of that, the analyst can find more about patient unconscious conflicts that are causing the symptoms. After that, the patient can gain insight. He becomes conscious of his past and memories that he had buried deep inside. He wasn’t aware of them anymore, but they didn’t disappear, they stayed deep within. No matter how hard someone tries to forget about something, it just switches from conscious to unconscious. Because of that, it emerges in dreams and acts that are unconscious.

Is It Helpful


Psychoanalysis definitely plays a huge role in psychology. More and more people are turning to it for help. This kind of treatment is getting more and more recognition, especially nowadays, when people are living fast and stressful lives.  Even with the smaller mental issues, it is not enough to just share them with a friend. Every disorder requires professional help, nothing less. By doing so, there is hope for improvement and getting better. It is certainly helpful, and it can open people’s eyes.